[Cover Image:  Library punch cards.  Before computer databases, punch cards were a cheap and reliable manual way to organize data.  See powerpoint on punch cards in “Lectures, Interviews and Presentations.”  Artifact from the Gessler Collection.}


Address English Department

Kaplan Hall, Box 915130 

University of California, Los Angeles CA 90095-1530 

Professional Experience 

Distinguished Research Professor of English, University of California, Los Angeles, 2017-present 

Distinguished Guest Professor, Uppsala University, Sweden, 2018-2021 

Women’s Chair in Humanistic Studies, Marquette University, 2018 

James B. Duke Professor of Literature Emerita, Duke University, 2018-present 

James B. Duke Professor of Literature, Literature Program, Duke University, 2015-2018 

Professor of Literature, Literature Program, Duke University, 2008-2015 

Director of Graduate Studies, Literature Program, Duke University, 2009-2014 

Distinguished Research Professor, University of California, Los Angeles, 2017-2019 

Distinguished Professor Emerita, University of California, Los Angeles, 2008-2017 

John Charles Hillis Professor of Literature, University of California, Los Angeles 2002-2008 

Distinguished Professor of English, University of California, Los Angeles, 2003-2008 

Distinguished Professor, Design/Media Arts, University of California, Los Angeles, 2003-2008 

Professor of English, University of California, Los Angeles, 1992-2003 

Professor of English, University of Iowa, 1990-92 

Carpenter Chair, University of Iowa, 1990-92 

Associate Professor of English, University of Iowa, 1985-1989 

Visiting Associate Professor of Literature, Caltech, Fall 1988 

Assistant Professor of English, University of Missouri-Rolla, 1982-85 

Visiting Associate, California Institute of Technology, 1979-80 

Assistant Professor of English, Dartmouth College, 1976-82 

Instructor, Dartmouth College, 1975-76 

Chemical Research Consultant, Beckman Instrument Company, 1968-70 

Research Chemist, Xerox Corporation, 1966 


Literature, Science and Technology of the 20th and 21st Century 

Electronic Textuality 

Modern and Postmodern American and British Fiction 

Critical Theory; Science Fiction 

Academic Honors and Fellowships 

Hurst Distinguished Professor, Washington University, October 16-19, 2018 N. K. Hayles 2 

Luesebrink Career Achievement Award, Electronic Literature Organization, 2018 

Academia Europaea, Elected 2014 

James B. Duke Professor (equivalent Distinguished Professor), Duke University, 


American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Elected 2015 

Critical Inquiry Professor, University of Chicago, April-May 2015 

Holmes Seminar Distinguished Professorship, University of Kansas, June 2014 

Lifetime Achievement Award, Society for Literature, Science and the Arts, 2013 

Fellowship, Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Durham U.K., 2014-2015 

Elected to Academia Europaea, European Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Letters, 2014 

Pilgrim Lifetime Achievement Award, Science Fiction Research Associates, 2012 

Digital Publishing Grant, $10,000, Franklin Humanities Institute, Duke University 

GreaterThanGames Humanities Laboratory, Co-Director, $225,000 grant for 2011-2014 

Honorary Doctorate, Art College of Design, Pasadena CA 2010 

Inductee, Innovation Hall of Fame, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester NY, 2010 

Honorary Doctorate, Umea University, Sweden, 2007 

Presidential Research Fellowship, University of California, 2006-7 

ASC Fellowship, National Humanities Center, 2006 

Phi Beta Kappa Visiting Scholar, 2005-6 

Fulbright Senior Specialist, Moscow University, 2005 

Susanne E. Langer Award for Outstanding Scholarship in the Ecology of 

Symbolic Form, awarded by the Media Ecology Association to 

Writing Machines, 2002. 

Honorary Phi Beta Kappa Membership, 2001. 

René Wellek Prize for Best Book in Literary Theory for 1998-99, awarded by the American Comparative Literature Association to How We Became Posthuman 

Eaton Award for the Best Book in Science Fiction Theory and Criticism for 1998-99, awarded to How We Became Posthuman 

Council of the Humanities Fellowship, Princeton University, 2000 

Eby Award for Distinction in Undergraduate Teaching, UCLA, 1999 

Luckman Distinguished Teaching Award, UCLA, 1999 

National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowship, 1999 

Bellagio Residential Fellowship, Rockefeller Foundation, 1999 

Distinguished Scholar Award, University of Rochester, 1998 

Medal of Honor, University of Helsinki, 1997 

Distinguished Scholar Award, International Association of Fantastic in the Arts, 1997 

National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Seminar Director, 1995, 1998, 2001 

Presidential Research Fellowship, UCLA, 1995-96 

Mellon Distinguished Visiting Professor, Tulane University, 1994 

Marta Sutton Weeks Fellow, Stanford Humanities Center, 1991-92 

Guggenheim Fellowship, 1991-92 

Millington F. Carpenter Professor of English, University of Iowa, 1989-92 

Faculty Scholar Award, University of Iowa, 1986-89 

Fellowship to the Society for the Humanities, Cornell University, 1986-87 (declined) N. K. Hayles 3 

Old Gold Fellowship, University of Iowa, Summer 1986 

Wilson Center Fellow, Woodrow Wilson International Center for 

Scholars, May-August, 1985 

Weldon Spring Research Grant, UMR, Summer 1983 

National Endowment for the Humanities Fellow, 1979-80 

Dartmouth Faculty Fellow, Fall 1979 

New York State Science Teaching Fellow, Caltech, 1966-68 

Graduated with Highest Honors, RIT, 1966 


Ph.D. in English Literature, University of Rochester, February 1977 

M.A. in English Literature, Michigan State University, June 1970 

M.S. in Chemistry, California Institute of Technology, June 1969 

B.S. in Chemistry, Rochester Institute of Technology, May 1966 


Books, Special Issues, CD, Website, Computer Game 

Studia Neophilologica, Special Issue on “Textual and Real-Life Spaces,” co-edited with Sofia Ahlberg, forthcoming 2021. 

Postprint: Books and Becoming Computational. 2021. New York: Columbia University Press. 

Unthought: The Power of the Cognitive Nonconscious. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, April 2017. 

Comparative Textual Media: Transforming the Humanities in the Postprint Era (co-edited with Jessica Pressman). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2013. 

Alternate Reality Game “Speculation” (co-authored with Patrick Jagoda and Patrick LeMieux), 

How We Think: Digital Media and Contemporary Technogenesis, University of Chicago Press, 2012. 

Electronic Literature: New Horizons for the Literary. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2008. Accompanying website at Winner of the Crystal Book Award of Excellence, Scholarly Reference, Chicago Book Clinic and Media Show 2008.. 

N. Katherine Hayles, Nick Montfort, Scott Rettberg, and Stephanie Strickland, editorsElectronic Literature Collection, Vol. 1, CD-ROM, Electronic Literature Organization, 2006. Also available at <>. 

My Mother Was a Computer: Digital Subjects and Literary Texts. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005. Cover selected for Print Magazine’s 2006 Design Annual from over 20,000 entries. Translated into Chinese (pending). 

Nanoculture: Implications of the New Technoscience. Bristol: Intellect Books, 2004. Essay collection edited by Hayles, with introduction. 

Cybernetic Readings. A special issue of Comparative Literature Studies 41.3 (2004), guest-edited by Hayles, with introduction. 

Writing Machines. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2002. Susanne E. Langer Award for Outstanding Scholarship in the Ecology of Symbolic Form. Official Selection, California Design Biennial, Pasadena Museum of California Art 2003. Bronze Medal (to Anne Burdick), Interactive Media Design Review for 

Writing Machines and Web Supplement, 

How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature and Informatics . Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999. René Wellek Prize for Best Book in Literary Theory for 1998-1999. Eaton Award for the Best Book in Science Fiction Theory and Criticism for 1998-99. Named as one of the best 25 books of \1999 by Village Voice. Translated into Korean, Chinese, Russian, Macedonian, and Bulgarian. 

Technocriticism and Hypernarrative. A special issue of Modern Fiction Studies 43, no. 3 (Fall 1997) guest-edited by Hayles, with introduction and article. 

Chaos and Order: Complex Dynamics in Literature and Science. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991. An essay collection edited by Hayles. 

Chaos Bound: Orderly Disorder in Contemporary Literature and Science. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1990. Translated into \Spanish as La Evolucion del Caos: El Orden dentro del desorden en las ciencias contemporaneas (Barcelona: Gedisa, 1993). 

The Cosmic Web: Scientific Field Models and Literary Strategies in the Twentieth Century. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1984. N. K. Hayles 5 

Translations of My Books 

Unthought: Simplified Chinese, Jiangsu People’s Publishing House (forthcoming) Italian, Reiser Literary Agency (forthcoming) 

How We Think: French, Éditions Littéraires et Linguistiques de L’Université de Grenoble (October 2016) English-language reprint w/ Chinese guide notes in mainland China, Foreign Language Teaching & Research Press (forthcoming) 

My Mother Was a Computer: Italian, Mim Edizioni ( 2015)  Simplified Chinese, Nanjing University Press (forthcoming) Korean, Acanet, (June 2016) 

How We Became Posthuman: Simplified Chinese, Peking University Press ( May 2017) Korean, Open Books/Mimesis (August 2013) Ukrainian, Nika Center Publishing House (August 2002) Macedonian, P&R Permissions & Rights (Yugoslavia) (September 2004) Bulgarian, Semarsh Publishing House (April 2005) Italian, Deleyva Editore, (September 2006) Complex Chinese, China Times Publishing Co. (July 2018) Turkish, Ketebe Kitap via AnatoliaLit Agency (Feb. 2021) 

Book Chapters 

“Three Species Challenges,” in The Ethos of Digital Environments: Technology, Literary Theory and Philosophy, edited by Susanna Lindberg and Hanna-Riikke Roine. New York: Routledge, 2021. Pp. 27-46. 

“Unthought” in Uncertain Archives: Critical Keywords for Big Data, eds. Nanna Thylstrup, Daniela Agostinho, Annie Ring, Catherine D’Ignazio and Kristin Veel. Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 2021. Pp. 541-550. 

“Cognition,” in Information Keywords, eds. Michele Kennerly, Samual Frederick, and Jonathan E. Abel. New York: Columbia University Press, 2021. Pp. 72-88. 

“Inside Out, Outside In: Recursive Dynamics in Posthumanism and in Nam June Paik’s Artworks,” in Coevolution: Cybernetics to Posthuman, NJP Reader #7, edited Sooyoung Lee. Seoul, South Korea: Uii Won Gi, 2018. Pp. 399-413. 

“The Cognitive Nonconscious and the New Materialisms,” in The New Politics of Materialism, edited by Sarah Ellenzweig and John Zammito. New York: Routledge. 2017. Pp. 170-189. 

“Why #WomenTechLit?”, Foreword, #WomenTechLit, edited by Maria Mencia and Charles Baldwin. Morgantown West VA: West Virginia University Press. 2017. N. K. Hayles 6 

“Foreword: From Causality to Correlation,” in Memory in the Twenty-First Century, edited by Sebastian Groes. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016. Pp. x-xiii. 

“Foreword,” in Ubiquitous Computing, Complexity and Culture, edited by Ulrik Ekman, Jay David Bolter, Lily Diaz, Morton Søndergaard and Maria Engberg. New York: Routledge, 2015. 

“The Cognitive Nonconscious and Automated Trading Algorithms,” in Parole, écriture, code, edited by Emmanuele Quinz, translated by Stéphane Vanderhaeghe. Petite Collection ArtsH2H, Paris-Dijon: Les presses du réel, 2015. 

“Beyond Human Scale: Steve Tomasula’s The Book of Portraiture,” Steve Tomasula: The Art and Science of New Media Fiction, edited by David Banash. London: Bloomsbury, 2015. 

“Influences of the Digital,” Postmodern/Postwar—and After, editors Daniel Worden, Jason Gladstone, and Andrew Hoberek. Iowa City IA: University of Iowa Press, forthcoming 2016. 

“The Cognitive Nonconscious and the Larger Landscape,” Beyond the Humanities and the Digital, edited by Patrik Svensson and David Theo Goldberg (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2015), pp. 503-507. 

N. Katherine Hayles and Todd Gannon, “Virtual, Actual, Ineffable: Architecture and Media in The Age of Computation,” Ineffable: Architecture, Computation, and the Inexpressible, ed. Bradley Horn. Shenzhen, China: Oscar Riera Ojeda, 2013, pp. 58-71. 

N. Katherine Hayles and Nick Montfort, “Interactive Fiction,” The Routledge Companion to Experimental Literature, eds. Joe Bray, Allison Gibson and Brian McHale. New York: Routledge, 2012, pp. 452-466. 

N. Katherine Hayles and Todd Gannon, “Virtual Architecture, Actual Media,” The Sage Handbook of Architectural Theory, edited G. Greig Crysler, Stephan Cairns and Hilde Heynen. Thousand Oaks CA: Sage Publishers, 2012: 484-500. . 

“Navigating the Cognisphere: Meditations on Visualization, Memory, Database and Memory”, Euphoria Dystopia, edited Sarah Cook and Sarah Diamond, Banff Centre Press, 2011, pp. 72-83. 

“Annotations,” The Exegesis of Philip K. Dick, edited by Pamela Jackson and Jonathan Lethem; annotations editor, Erik David. New Your: Houghton Millin Harcourt, 2011, passim. 

N. Katherine Hayles with Stephen B. Crofts Wiley, “Media, Materiality and the Human: Conversation with N. Katherine Hayles.” Communication Matters: Materialist Approaches to Media, Mobility and Networks, edited by Jeremy Packer and Stephen B. Crofts Wiley. London and New York: Routledge, 2012. Pp. 17-34. 

“Complex Temporalities in Living and Technical Beings,” (“Komplexe Zeitstrukturen lebender und technischer Wesen”), The Technical Condition ( Die Technologische Bedingung: Beiträge zur Beschreibung der technischen Welt) edited by Erich Hörl. Berlin: Suhrkamp Verlag Berlin, 2011. Pp. 193-228. 

“What Does It Mean to be Posthuman,” in The New Media and Cybercultures Anthology, ed. Pramod K. Nayar (Chicester, West Sussex, UK: 2010), pp. 19-28. Reprint. 

Cybernetics,” Critical Terms for Media Studies, edited W. J. T. Mitchell and Mark B. N. Hansen (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010), pp. 145-156. 

“Mapping Time, Charting Data: The Spatial Asethetic of Mark Z. Danielewski’s Only Revolutions,” in Essays on Mark Z. Danielewski, ed. Alison Gibbons and Joe Bray. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2011: 159-177. 

RFID: Human Agency and Meaning in Information-Intensive Environments,” Beyond the Screen: Transformations of Literary Structures, Interfaces and Genres, ed. Jörgen Schaefer and Peter Gendolla . Bielefeld, Germany: Transcript Verlag 2010: 95-122. Reprint. 

RFID: Human Agency and Meaning in Information-Intensive Environments,” Throughout, ed. Ulrik Ekman. Cambridge: MIT Press, forthcoming. Reprint. 

“Strickland and Lawson Jaramillo’s Slippingglimpse: Distributed Cognition at/in Work,” Literary Art and Digital Performance, ed. Francisco Ricardo. London: Continuum, 2009: 38-47. 

Todd Gannon and N. Katherine Hayles, “Mood Swings: The Aesthetics of Ambient Emergence,” The Mourning After: Attending the Wake of Postmodernism, edited by Neil Brooks and Josh Toth. Amsterdam: Rodopi Press, 2007: 99-142. 

“(Un)masking the Agent: Stanislaw Lem’s ‘The Mask,’” The Art and Science of Stanislaw Lem, edited by Peter Swirski. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2007: 22-46. 

“The Time of Digital Poetry: From Object to Event,” New Media Poetics: Contexts, Technotexts, and Theories, edited by Adalaide Morris and Thomas Swiss. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2006: 181-210. 

Metaphoric Networks in Lexia to Perplexia,” First Person: New Media as Story, Performance, and Game,edited by Noah Wardrip-Fruin and Pat Harrigan. N. K. Hayles 8 Cambridge: MIT Press, 2004: 291-295. 

“Bodies of Texts, Bodies of Subjects: Metaphoric Networks in New Media,” Memory Bytes:History, Technology, and Digital Culture, edited by Lauren Rabinovitz and Abraham Geil. Duke University Press 2004: 257-282. 

“Performative Code and Figurative Language: Neal Stephenson’s Cryptonomicon,” Science, Technology, and the Humanities in Recent American Fiction, edited by Peter Freese and Charles B. Harris. Essen, Germany: Verlag, 2004: 279-316. Reprinted in The Holodeck in the Garden: Science and Technology in Contemporary American Fiction, edited by Peter Freese and Charles B. Harris. New York: Dalkey Archive Press, 2004: 2-27. 

“From Utopia to Mutopia: Recursive Complexity and the Nanospatiality of The Diamond Age,” World Weavers: Globalization, Science Fiction, and the Cybernetic Revolution, edited by,Wong Kin Yuen, Gary Westfahl and Amy Chant Kit Sze. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 2004, 

“Timely Art: Hybridity in New Cinema and Electronic Poetry,” Future Cinema: The Cinematic Imaginary After Film, edited by Jeffrey Shaw and Peter Weibel. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2003: 16-321. 

“Supersensual Chaos and Catherine Richards’ Excitable Tissues,Catherine Richards: Excitable Tissues, editor and curator, Sylvie Fortin. Ottawa: The Ottawa Art Gallery, 2003: 9-24. 

“Computing the Human” (in German), “Fuelle der Combination”: Literaturforschung und Wissenschaftsgeschitchte, edited by Bernhard J. Dotzler and Sigrid Weigel. Munich: Fink, 2004. Reprinted in 2003: Cyber, Virtual, and Bio Literature, The New Korean Association of English Language and Literature. Pusan, South Korea: 2003: 1-25. Reprinted in Turbulente Körper, soziale Maschinen: Feministische Studien zur Technowissenschaftskultur, edited by Jutta Weber and Corinna Bathr. Leske: Oplanden, 2003: 99-198. 

“Who Is in Control Here? Meditating on Eduardo Kac’s Transgenic Art,” The Eighth Day: The TransgenicArt of Eduardo Kac, edited by Sheilah Britton and Dan Collins .Tempe AZ: Institute of Studies in the Arts, Arizona State University, 2003: 79-86. 

“Flesh and Metal: Reconfiguring the Mindbody in Virtual Environments,” in Semiotic Flesh: Information and the Human Body, edited by Phillip Thurtle and Robert Mitchell. Walter Chapin Simpson Center for the Humanities, University of Washington, 2002: 52-68. Published in Configurations 10 (2002): 297-320. Published in German in Singularitäten—Allianzen, Interventions 11, edited by Jörg Huber. Springer, Vienna and New York, 2002: 289-304. N. K. Hayles 9 

“Escape and Constraint: Three Fictions Dream of Moving from Energy To Information,” in From Energy to Information, edited by Linda Henderson and Bruce Clarke. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002: 235-254. 

“Artificial Life and Literary Culture,” in Cyberspace Textuality: Computer Culture and Literary Theory, edited by Marie-Laure Ryan. Indiana University Press, 1999: 205-223 

“The Condition of Virtuality,” Language Machines: Technologies of Literary and Cultural Production, edited by Jeffrey Masten, Peter Stallybrass and Nancy Vickers. London and New York: Routledge, 1997: 183-208. Reprinted in The Digital Dialectic: New Essays on New Media, edited by Peter Lunenfeld . Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999: 68-95. Reprinted in Spanish translation, Literatura y Cibercultura, edited by Domingo Sánchez-Meza. Madrid: Archo/Libros, S. L., 2004: 37-72. 

“Consolidating the Canon,” The Science Wars, edited by Andrew Ross Durham: Duke University Press, 1996: 226-237. 

“How Cyberspace Signifies: Taking Immortality Literally,” in Immortal Engines: Life Extension and Immortality in Science Fiction and Fantasy, edited by George Slusser, Gary Westfahl, and Eric S. Rabkin. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1996: 111-124. 

“Voices Out of Bodies and Bodies Out of Voices: Audiotape and the Production of Subjectivity,” Sound States: Innovative Poetics and Acoustical Technologies, edited by Adalaide Morris. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997: 74-96. 

“From Self-Organization to Emergence: Aesthetic Implications of Shifting Ideas of Organization,” in Chaos and the Changing Nature of Science and Medicine, edited by Donald Herbert . Woodbury, NY: American Institute of Physics:133-157. 

“Narratives of Artificial Life” in Futurenatural: Nature, Science, Culture, edited by George Robertson, Melinda Mash, Lisa Tickner, Jon Bird, Barry Curtis and Tim Putnam . New York and London: Routledge, 1996: 146-164. Reprinted in Images from Afar: Theories of Remote Sensing and Scientific Visualization. Copenhagen: Cultural City, 1996. 

“Simulated Nature and Natural Simulations: Rethinking the Relation between The Beholder and the World,” in Uncommon Ground: Toward the Reinvention of Nature, edited by William Cronon. New York: Norton, 1995: 409-425. 

“Embodied Virtuality: Or How to Put Bodies Back into the Picture,” in Immersed in Technology: Art and Virtual Environments, edited by Diana Augaitis, Douglas MacLeod, and Mary Anne Moser. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1995: 1-28. 

“Searching for Common Ground,” in Reinventing Nature?: Responses to Postmodern Deconstruction, edited by Michael E. Soule and Gary Lease . Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 1995: 45-60. 

“Deciphering the Rules of Unruly Disciplines: A Modest Proposal for Literature and Science,” in Literature and Science, edited by Anthony Purdy. Amsterdam and Atlanta: Rodopi, 1994: 25-48. 

“Narratives of Evolution and the Evolution of Narratives,” in Cooperation and Conflict in General Evolutionary Processes, ed. John L. Casti and Anders Karlqvist . New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1994: 113-132. 

“The Paradoxes of John Cage: Chaos, Time, and Irreversible Art” in Permission Granted: Composed in America, ed. Marjorie Perloff and Charles Junkerman. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994: 226-241. 

“The Seductions of Cyberspace,” in Rethinking Technologies, ed. Verena Conley. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993: 173-190. Reprinted in Everyday Theory, edited by Becky McLaughlin and Bob Coleman. London: Longman, 2004. 

“The Life Cycle of Cyborgs: Writing the Posthuman,” in A Question of Identity: Women, Science, and Literature, ed. Marina Benjamin . New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1993: 152-172. Reprinted in The Cyborg Handbook, ed. Chris Hables Gray . New York and London: Routlege, 1995: 321-335. Reprinted in Cybersexualities: A Reader on Feminist Theory, Cyborgs and Cyberspace, edited by Jenny Wolmark. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1999: 157-173. 

“Turbulence in Literature and Science: Questions of Influence,” in Science and the American Imagination, ed. Robert Scholnick. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1992: 229-250. 

“‘A metaphor of God Knew How Many Parts’: The Engine That Drives The Crying of Lot 49,” in The Crying of Lot 49: A Collection of New Essays, ed. Patrick O’Donnell. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991: 197-213. 

“Literature and Science,” in Literature and Criticism: A New Century Guide, eds. Malcolm Kelsall et al. London: Routledge, N. K. Hayles 11 1990: 1068-81. 

“Self-Reflexive Metaphors in Maxwell’s Demon and Shannon’s Choice: Finding the Passages,” in Literature and Science: Theory and Practice, ed. Stuart Peterfreund. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1990: 209-38. 

“Information or Noise? Economy of Explanation in Barthes’s S/Z and Shannon’s Information Theory,” in One Culture: Essays in Science and Literature, ed. George Levine. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1988: 119-142. 

“Metaphysics and Metafiction in The Man in the High Castle, in Philip K. Dick, Writers of the 21st Century Series. New York: Taplinger, 1983: 53-72. 

“Androgyny, Ambivalence and Assimilation in The Left Hand of Darkness“, in Ursula K. Le Guin, Writers of the 21st Century Series. New York: Taplinger, 1979: 97-115. 


“Fearing the Wrong Boogeyman,” blog sponsored by Chung-Wai Literary Quarterly, Taiwan, in Chinese and English. Forthcoming 2021.

“Microbiomimesis: Bacteria, Our Cognitive Collaborators,” Critical Inquiry (Summer 2021), forthcoming. 

“Textual and Real-Life Spaces: Expanding Theoretical Frameworks,” Studia Neophilologica, forthcoming 2021.. 

“Novel Corona: Posthuman Virus,” Critical Inquiry “Posts from the Pandemic,” April 17, 2020. Available at 

“Can Computers Create Meanings? A Cyber/Bio/Semiotic Perspective,” Critical Inquiry 46.1 (2019): 32-55. 

“Morphing Malabou,” review of Catherine Malabou, Morphing Intelligence: From IQ Measurements to Artificial Brains, Critical Inquiry reviews online (2019). 

N. Katherine Hayles and Tony D. Sampson, “Unthought Meets the Assemblage Brain,” Capacious: Journal for Emerging Affect Inquiry,” assemblage-brain/. 

“Writing//Posthuman: The Literary Text as Cognitive Assemblage,” Theoretical Studies in Literature and Art (2018) [the premier Chinese journal on theory], 38.3: 6-21. 

“Review of Dennis Tenen, Plain Text,” Critical Inquiry reviews online (2017). 

“Literary Texts as Cognitive Assemblages: The Case of Electronic Literature,” Electronic Book Review (2018). 

“Human and Machine Cultures of Reading: A Cognitive Assemblage Approach,” 

PMLA 133:5 (October 2018). 

“Inside Out, Outside In: Recursive Dynamics in Posthumanism and in Nam June Paik’s 

Artworks,” in Coevolution: Cybernetics to Posthuman, NJP Reader #7, edited Sooyoung Lee. Seoul, South Korea: Uii Won Gi, 2018. Pp. 399-413. 

“Cognitive Assemblages: Technical Agency and Human Interactions,” Critical Inquiry 43.1 (Autumn 2016): 32-55. 

“The Cognitive Nonconscious: Enlarging the Mind of the Humanities,” Critical Inquiry 42.4 (Summer 2016): 783-807. 

“Maxing Out The Novel” (Review of Stefano Ercolino’s The Maximalist Novel), Novel 49.3 (September 2016): 519-22. 

With Birgit Van Paymbroek, “Enwebbed Complexities: The Posthumanities, Digital Media, and New Feminist Materialism. An Interview with N. Katherine Hayles”, Journal of Diversity and Gender Studies 2.1-2 (2015): 21-29. 

“Searching for Purpose” (Review of Kim Stanley Robinson’s Aurora and Neal Stephenson’s Seveneves,” Public Books (Sept. 15, 2015). 

N. Katherine Hayles and Holger Pötzsche, “Posthumanism, Technogenesis and Digital Technologies: A Conversation with Katherine Hayles, Fibreculture 23 (2014). 

“Greg Egan’s Quarantine and Teranesia: Contributions to the Millennial Reassessment of Consciousness and the Cognitive Nonconscious,” Science-Fiction Studies 42.1 (March 2015): 56-77.. 

“Brain Imagining and the Epistemology of Vision: Daniel Suarez’s Epistemology of Vision,” Modern-Fiction Studies 61.2 (2015): 320-334. 

“Cognition Everywhere: The Rise of the Cognitive Nonconscious and the Costs of Consciousness,” New Literary History 45.2 (Spring 2014): 199-220. 

“The Black Hole of Quantum Theory” (Review of Samuel Chase Coale’s Quirks of the Quantum), Novel 48.1 (Spring 2015):148-150. 

“Stanislaw Lem’s Summa Technologiae: Mirror Text to The Cyberiad,” Science-Fiction N. K. Hayles 13 Studies 40.3 (November 2013): 417-427. 

N. Katherine Hayles, Patrick Jagoda, and Patrik LeMieux, “Speculation: Financial Games and Derivative Worlding in a Transmedia Era,” Critical Inquiry (Spring 2014, Special Issue “Comics and Media)”: 220-236. 

“Rewiring Literary Criticism” (Review of Mark C. Taylor’s Rewiring the Real: In Conversations with William Gaddis, Richard Powers, Mark Danielewski, and Don DeLillo), Los Angeles Review of Books, 

“Speculative Aesthetics and Object Oriented Inquiry (OOI),” Speculations: A Journal of Speculative Realism 5 (May 2014). 

“Combining Close and Distant Reading: Jonathan Safran Coer’s s Tree of Codes and the Aesthetic of Bookishness,” PMLA 128.1 (2013): 226-231. 

“How We Read: Close, Hyper, Machine,” ADE Bulletin 150 (2011) <>. 

“Material Entanglements: Steven Hall’s The Raw Shark Texts as Slipstream Novel,” 

Science-Fiction Studies #113 (38.1, March 2011):115-133. 

How We Became Posthuman: Ten Years On” (interviewed by Arthur Piper), Paragraph 33.3 (September 2010): 318-323. 

“After Shocks: Posthuman Ambivalence,” Postmedieval: A Journal of Medieval Cultural Studies (April 2010): 262-271. 

N. Katherine Hayles and James J. Pulizzi, “Narrating Consciousness,” History of the Human Sciences 21.3 ( 2010): 131-148. 

“Sleepwalking into the Surveillance Society,” Surveillance and Society 6.3 (2—9):

“RFID: Human Agency and Meaning in Information-Intensive Environments,” Theory, Culture and Society, 26.2/3 (2009): 1-24. Reprinted in Throughout, edited by Ulrik Eckman (forthcoming MIT Press, 2011). Reprinted in 

Beyond the Screen: Transformations of Literary Structures, Interfaces and Genres. Edited by Jörgen Schafer and Peter Gendolla (Bielefed, Germany: Transcript Publishers, 2010). 

“Wrestling with Transhumanism,” The Global Spiral (June 5, 2008) N. K. Hayles 14 

“Hyper and Deep Attention: The Generational Divide in Cognitive Modes,” Profession 2007 (2007): 187-199. 

“Narrative and Database: Natural Symbionts,” PMLA 122.5 ( October 2007): 1603-1608. 

“Intermediation: The Pursuit of a Vision,” New Literary History 38.1 (Winter 2007): 99-125. 

“The Future of Literature,” Collection Management (forthcoming fall 2007). 

“Revealing and Transforming: How Electronic Literature Re-Values Computational Practice,” Performance Research 11.4 (December 2006): 5-16. 

“Traumas of Code,” Critical Inquiry 33.1 (Autumn 2006): 136-157. Reprinted, Digital and Other Virtualities: Renegotiating the Image, ed. Anthony Bryant and Griselda Pollock. London; I. B. Truris, 2010: 23-41. 

“Unfinished Work: From Cyborg to Cognisphere,” Theory, Culture and Society 23 (2006): 159-166. 

“Commentary: The Search for the Human,” New Literary History 36, no. 2 (Spring 2005): 327-333. 

”Electronic Literature: What Is It?” Electronic Literature Organization, Translated into Korean by Jiyeon Kim, Text@Media , 2010: 18-37. 

“Narrating Bits: Encounters between Humans and Intelligent Machines,” [etext version] Vectors 1 (March 2005); [print version] Comparative Critical Studies 2.2 (2005):165-90. 

Nathan Brown and N. Katherine Hayles, “Science and Representation,” Oxford Encyclopedia Of Science and Society. 2005. 

“Refiguring the Posthuman,” Comparative Literature Studies 41.3 (2004): 311-316. 

“Print is Flat, Code is Deep: The Importance of Media-Specific Analysis,” Poetics Today 25.1 (Spring 2004): 67-90. 

N. Katherine Hayles and Nicholas Gessler, “The Slipstream of Mixed Reality: Unstable Ontologies and Semiotic Markers in The Thirteenth Floor, Dark City, and Mulholland Drive,” PMLA (April 2004). 

“Translating Media: Why We Should Rethink Textuality,” Yale Journal of Criticism, vol. 6, no. 3 (2003): 263-290. 

“Afterword: The Human in the Posthuman,” Cultural Critique 53 (Winter 2003): 134-137. N. K. Hayles 15 

“Deeper into the Machine: Learning to Speak Digital,” Computers and Composition 19 (2002): 371-386. Reprinted in revised form with images in Culture Machine 5 (Feb. 2003) and in State of the Arts: The Proceedings of the Electronic Literature Organization’s 2002 State of the Arts Symposium, edited by Scott Rettberg (Los Angeles: Electronic Literature Organizaton), 13-38. 

“Saving the Subject: Mediation in House of Leaves,” American Literature 74, no. 4 (December 2002): 779-807. 

“Is Utopia Obsolete?” Peace Review 14, no. 2 (June 2002): 133-140. 

“Metaphoric Networks in Lexia to Perplexia,” Electronic Art and Animation Catalog, SIGGRAPH 2001 (ACM 2001):31-34. Reprinted in Digital Creativity 12:3 (2001): 133-139. 

“The Complexities of Seriation,” PMLA 117:1 (2002):117-121. 

“Desiring Agency: Enabling Constraints in Dawkins and Deleuze/Guattari,” SubStance 30.1,2 (January 2001): 144-160. 

“The Materiality of the Medium: Hypertext Narrative in Print and New Media,” Narrative 9.1 (January 2001): 21-39. 

“Visualizing the Posthuman,” Art Journal 59, no. 3 ( Fall 2000): 50-54. 

“Adam Ross: Paranoid Utopias,” Art/Text 70 (August-October 2000): 62-65. 

“The Invention of Copyright and the Birth of Monsters: Flickering Connectivities in Shelley Jackson’s Patchwork Girl,” Journal of Postmodern Culture 10.2 (January 2000):

“Simulated Narratives: What Virtual Creatures Can Teach Us,” Critical Inquiry 26, no. 1 (Autumn 1999): 1-26. 

“The Illusion of Autonomy and the Fact of Recursivity: Virtual Ecologies, Entertainment, and Virtual Jest,New Literary History 30, no. 3 (Summer 1999): 675-697. 

“Schizoid Android: Cybernetics and the Mid-Sixties Novels of Philip K. Dick,” Journal of the Fantastic in the Arts, 8 (1998): 22-45. Reprinted in Spanish in Revista de Communicação e linguagens, edited by Francisco Rui Cádima and Jorge Martins Rosa. Reglógio D’Άgua Editores (2001: 107-142. 

“The Posthuman Body: Inscription and Incorporation in Galatea 2.2 and Snow Crash,” Configurations 2 (1997): 241-266

“Corporeal Anxiety in Dictionary of the Khazars: What Books Talk about in the Late Age of Print When They Talk About Losing Their Bodies,” Modern Fiction Studies 43 (Fall 1997): 800-820. 

“Boundary Work with a Vengeance,” Arachne , 2, no. 1 (Spring 1995): 3-15. 

“Making the Cut: The Interplay of Narrative and System, or What System Theory Can’t See,” Cultural Critique No. 30 (Spring 1995): 71-100. Reprinted in Observing Complexity: Systems Theory and Postmodernity, edited by William Rasch and Cary Wolfe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000:: 137-162. 

“Theory of a Different Order: A Conversation with Niklas Luhmann and Katherine Hayles,” Cultural Critique 31 ( Fall 1995): 7-37. Reprinted in Observing Complexity: Systems Theory and Postmodernity, edited by William Rasch and Cary Wolfe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000: 111-136. 

“Boundary Disputes: Homeostasis, Reflexivity, and the Foundations of Cybernetics,” Configurations: A Journal For Literature, Science, and Technology 3 ( 1994): 441-467. Reprinted in Virtual Realities and Their Discontents, edited by Robert Markley. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995. 

“Virtual Bodies and Flickering Signifiers,” October 66 (Fall 1993): 66-92. Reprinted in Electronic Culture: Technology and Visual Representation, edited by Timothy Druckrey (New York: Aperture, 1996), pp. 259-278; in The Feminism and Visual Culture Reader, edited by Amelia Jones (London: Routledge, 2003): 497-506 in Visual Culture Reader, 2nd edition, edited by Nicholas Mirzoeff. London and New York: Routledge, 2003: 152-160; and in French in Connexions: Art, Reseaux, Media, edited by Annick Burgeaud and Nathalie Magnan,. Paris: École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts, 2002: 507-544. 

“Chaotics: Culture and Chaos,” Louisiana Revy 33, no. 2 (February 1993): 6-9. 

“The Materiality of Informatics,” Configurations: A Journal of Literature, Science and Technology 1 (Winter 1993): 147-70. Reprinted in Issues In Integrative Studies 10 (1992): 121-144. N. K. Hayles 17 

“Gender Encoding in Fluid Mechanics: Masculine Channels and Feminine Flows,” differences 4 (Summer 1992): 16-44. 

“Constrained Constructivism: Locating Scientific Inquiry in the Theater of Representation,” New Orleans Review, 18 (1991): 76-85. Reprinted in Realism and Representation,: Essays on the Problem of Realism in Relation to Science, Literature, and Culture ed. George Levine (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1993), 27-43. 

“‘Who Was Saved?’: Families, Snitches, and Recuperation in Pynchon’s Vineland,Critique, 32 (1990): 77-92. Reprinted in The Vineland Papers: Critical Takes on Pynchon’s Novel, edited by Geoffrey Green, Donald J. Greiner, and Larry McCaffery (Normal, IL: Dalkey Archive Press, 1993). 

“Postmodern Parataxis: Embodied Texts, Weightless Information,” American Literary History, 2 ( 1990): 394-421. 

“Designs on the Body: Cybernetics, Norbert Wiener, and the Play of Metaphor,” History of the Human Sciences, 3 (1990): 212-228. 

“Two Voices, One Channel: Equivocation in Michel Serres,” SubStance 57 (1988): 3-11. 

“Chaos as Orderly Disorder: Shifting Ground in Literature and Science,” New Literary History 2 (Winter 1989): 305-322. Reprinted in Twentieth Century Literary Criticism, vol. 90 (New York: Gale Publishing Company, 2002). 

“Text Out of Context: Situating Postmodernism in an Information Society,” Discourse 9 (Spring-Summer 1987): 24-36. 

“Space for Writing: Stanislaw Lem and the Dialectic ‘That Guides My Pen,'” Science-Fiction Studies 13 (November, 1986): 292-312. Anthologized in Jerzy Jarzebski, ed., Teksty Drugie 3 (1992): 5-29. 

“Anger In Different Voices: Carol Gilligan and The Mill on the Floss,” Signs 12 (Autumn, 1986): 23-39. 

N. K. Hayles and Mary Eiser, “Coloring Gravity’s Rainbow,” Pynchon Notes, 16 (Spring, 1985): 3-24. 

“Cosmology and the Point of (No) Return in Gravity’s Rainbow,” Markham Review, 12 (1983): 73-77. N. K. Hayles 18 

“The Ambivalent Approach: D. H. Lawrence and the New Physics,” Mosaic, 15 (September, 1982): 89-108. 

“Making a Virtue of Necessity: Pattern and Freedom in Nabokov’s Ada“, Contemporary Literature, 23 (Winter, 1982): 32-51. 

“An Imperfect Art: Competing Patterns in More Than Human“, Extrapolation, 22 (Spring, 1981): 13-24. 

N. K. Hayles and Kathryn Rindskoff, “The Shadow of Violence,” The Journal of Popular Film, 8 (1981): 2-8. 

“Sexual Disguise in Cymbeline“, Modern Language Quarterly, 41 (September, 1980): 231-247. 

“Sexual Disguise in As You Like It and Twelfth Night“, Shakespeare Survey 32, ed. Kenneth Muir (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979) 63-72. 

F. C. Anson, N. K. Hayles and R. D. Frisbee, “The Absence of a Detectable Potential-Dependence of the Transfer of Coefficient in the Cr+2/Cr+3 Reaction,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 117 (April, 1970): 477-82. 

Reviews and Miscellaneous 

“Foreword,” in Stanislaw Lem, The Invincible, translated by Bill Johnson. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2020. Pp. ix-xiii. 

Review of The Techno-human Condition, Technology and Culture, Technology and Culture, 53 (October 2012), 920-921. 

“Remixed Up” (review of Mark Amerika, Remix the Book and Lax Goody, Technology, Literature and Culture,” Times Literary Supplement, No. 5698 (June 15, 2012), 22. 

“N. Katherine Hayles,” Philosophy of Technology: Five Questions, edited by Jan-Kyrre Berg Olsen and Evan Selinger (London: Automatic Press/VIP, 2007), 101-106. 

“Preparing the Humanities for the Posthuman: N. Katherine Hayles at the National Humanities Center,” (interview) News of the National Humanities Center (Fall/Winter 2007), 1, 14-15. 

“Attacking the Borg of Corporate Knowledge Work: The Achievement of Alan Liu’s The Laws of Cool,” Criticism 47.2 (2005): 235-40. 

“Is It Literature—or Art?”, Second Natures (exhibition catalogue for exhibit of the same name) (Los Angeles: UCLA Department of Design/Media Arts, 2006), 23-30. 

“Afterword,” Crowds, edited by Jeffrey T. Schnapp and Matthew Tiews (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2006), 377-378. 

“Visiting Wonderland: A Riposte to Diana Lobb’s ‘The Emperor’s New Clothes or Who’s Afraid of N. Katherine Hayles” .

Beyond Productivity: Information, Innovation, and Creativity, edited by William J. Mitchell, Alan . S. Inouye and Marjory S. Blumenthal. Member of Committee that produced report for National Research Council of the National Academies of Science (Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2003). 

“Material Girl,” Interview with Roy Christopher, Front Wheel Drive (Feb. 2003), 

“Foreword,” Prefiguring Cyberspace, edited by Darren Tofts. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2003. 

“Prognosticating the Present,” a review of Edging into the Future: Science Fi9ction and 

Contemporary Cultural Transformation, edited by Veronica Hollinger and 

Joan Gordon, Science Fiction Studies 29 (2002): 500-503. 

Review of Silicon Second Nature by Stefan Helmreich, Artificial Life 7.4 (2001): 425-428.. 

“Cognition on a Desert Island,” Commentary on Edwin Hutchins, Cognition in the WildGenre 23, no. 3-4 (Fall-Winter 2000): 331-338. 

“Commentary,” Progressive Dinner Party, Riding the Meridian, Spring 2000.

“Preface,” Embodying Technesis: Technology Beyond Writing in Mark Hansen (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2000). 

“Auto-Projection: Fuchs’ Evolutionary Tale,” exhibition catalogue, Landmark Gallery, Texas Tech University, December 1999. 

“Enlightened Chaos,” in Disrupted Patterns: On Chaos and Order in the Enlightenment, edited by Theodore E. D. Braun and John A. McCarthy (Amsterdam, Vienna, Atlanta: Rodopi, 2000), pp. 1-5. N. K. Hayles 20 

Review of Unlikely Stories: Causality and the Nature of Modern NarrativeSouth Atlantic Review (Spring 1999), 140-141. 

“Hot.List,” Artforum (October 1998), 33. 

“Interrogating the Posthuman Body” (review of Anne Balsamo’s Technologies of the Gendered Body and Judith Halberstam and Ira Livingston’s Posthuman Bodies), Contemporary Literature 38, no. 4 (1997): 171-78. 

“Engineering Cyborg Ideology” (review of Diane Greco’s Cyborg: 

Engineering the Body Electric), Electronic Book Review, and American Book Review 17, no. 2 (December-January 1995-6), 3. 

“Walking in Water” (review of Michael Joyce’s Of Two Minds: Hypertext Poetics and Pedagogy), Scientific American, 274, No. 1 \(January 1996), 104-5. 

“Hypertext Hamlet,” Humanities 16, no. 5 (Sept./Oct. 1995): 23-27. 

“From Transylvania to Transgender,” review of The War Between Desire and Technology at the Close of the Mechanical Age, Allucquere Roseanne Stone (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1995), Art + Text, 52 (1995), 31-32. 

Review of Culture and Cognition: The Boundaries of Literary and Scientific Inquiry, Ronald Schleifer, Robert Con Davis, and Nancy Mergler, Isis: An International Review Devoted to the History of Science and its Cultural Influences, 85, no. 4 (1994): 743-44. 

“The Embodiment of Meaning,” Response to Herbert Simon, Stanford Humanities Review, 4 (1994): 62-64. 

“Particles and Paste,” review of Kathryn Hume’s Calvino’s Fictions: Cogito Cosmos,” London Times Higher Education Supplement (April 30, 1993), 21. 

“World Without Ground,” review of The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience by Francisco Valera, Evan Thompson, and Eleanor Rosch, The American Book Review 14, no. 1 (April/May 1992) 13. 

“Trusting the Material,” review of The Cybernetics Group by Steve Heims, History of the Human Sciences 5, no. 2 (1992), 92. N. K. Hayles 21 

“The Rip Van Winkle Syndrome,” review of Lorelei Cederstrom’s Fine-Tuning the Feminine Psyche: Jungian Patterns in the Novels of Doris Lessing, Science-Fiction Studies, 19 (1992): 96-98. 

“The Borders of Madness,” Response to Jean Baudrillard, Science-Fiction Studies 18 (1991): 321-323. 

“Fractured Mandala: The Inescapable Ambiguities of Gravity’s Rainbow,” review of Steven Weisenberg’s Companion to Gravity’s Rainbow, Pynchon Notes, 24-25 (Spring-Fall 1989), 129-32. 

The Nature of Women,” Review of Linda Woodbridge’s Women and the English Renaissance, Modern Language Quarterly 46 (December 1985): 378-380. 

“Women, Literature and a Small-Town Library,” Show-Me Libraries 36 (April 1985): 15-18. 

“The Perils of Theory,” Review of Robert Nadeau’s Readings from the New Book on Nature, Science, Technology and Human Values, 8 (1983): 52-54. 

N. K. Hayles and Kathryn Rindskoff, “Cruising the Shadows,” Psychological Perspectives, 11 (1980): 227-231. 

“Science Fiction: Contemporary Mythology,” Galileo (September, 1978): 90-91. 

Editorial Boards, Executive Positions, Service to Profession 

Co-Editor, Electronic Mediation Series, University of Minnesota Press, 2000-present. 

Editor, Literature and Science Series, University of Michigan Press, 1995-2000. 

Advisory Board, Open Humanities Press, 2010-present. 

Board of Literary Advisors, Electronic Literature Organization 

President, Society for Literature and Science, 1991-93; First Vice-President, 

1989-91; Second Vice-President 1987-89. 

Advisory Board, PMLA, 1996-9 N. K. Hayles 22 

Executive Committee, Association for Computers in the Humanities, 200-2003. 

Executive Committee, Literary Criticism Division, Modern Language Association, 2004- 


Executive Committee, Literature and Science Division, Modern 

Language Association, 1988-92. 

Modern Language Association Prize Committee, 1994-97; chair 1997. 

Editorial Board, Critical Inquiry

Editorial Board, Iowa Review on the Web 

Editorial Board, Postmodern Culture

Editorial Board, Modern Fiction Studies 

Editorial Board, Contemporary Literature 

Board of Consultants, Science-Fiction Studies

Editorial Board, Configurations: A Journal for Literature, Science, 

and Technology. 

Editorial Board, Para.doxa 

Editorial Board, Nonlinear Dynamics in Psychology and the Life Sciences, 1995-97